It has a black or brown coat. Notable endemic varieties include the Black Oystercatcher, Blue Crane, Cape Parrot, Cape Vulture, Forest Canary, Ground Woodpecker, Jackal Buzzard, Knysna Turaco, Namaqua Sandgrouse, Protea Seedeater, Southern Bald Ibis, Southern Pale Chanting Goshawk, Whitebacked Mousebird, and the Yellow-breasted Pipit. The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. They differ from rodents in a number of physical characteristics, such as having four incisors in the upper jaw rather than two. Apart from South Africa, tsessebe is also found in Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Swaziland. The giraffe is the world's tallest terrestrial animal. Aardvark. All four species are endangered. It is a large bovine with a shoulder height ranging from 3.3-5.6 feet. South Africa is currently the 27th country in the world regarding amphibian species richness, and is the fifth such country in its bio-geographical territory after Madagascar, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cameroon, and Tanzania. Sequencing of collagen from fossils of one recently extinct species each of notoungulates and litopterns has indicated that these orders comprise a sister group to the perissodactyls. Lions hunt in groups with its prey consisting mainly of mammals. The Giant Eagle Owl lives up to its … An adult antelope stands at 3.9 feet at the shoulder while the body length varies from 75 to 94 inches. Since these mammals are nocturnal, they sleep inside burrows they dig and feed on roots, foliage, and other vegetable type material. The rhinos are contained in protected areas such as Kruger National Park. They are the mammals most fully adapted to aquatic life with a spindle-shaped nearly hairless body, protected by a thick layer of blubber, and forelimbs and tail modified to provide propulsion underwater. Two of the four subspecies of black rhinos found in South Africa are the South-central and South-western species. The color ranges from yellow to orange, to light brown, to reddish brown. Sirenia is an order of fully aquatic, herbivorous mammals that inhabit rivers, estuaries, coastal marine waters, swamps, and marine wetlands. They evolved about 50 million years ago, and their closest living relatives are elephants. African Elephant Facts: Animals of Africa, South African Culture, Customs, and Traditions. It has long horns that are about 33 inches. South America's felid diversity is also greater than that of North America north of Mexico, while its mustelid diversity is comparable and its mephitid and ursid diversities are lower. Of the species, 9 are extinct, 29 are critically endangered, 64 are endangered, 111 are vulnerable, 64 are near threatened, and 255 are data deficient. The large ear flaps are used to regulate the body temperature. In South America, shrews are only found in the north (Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru), a legacy of their relatively recent immigration to the continent by way of Central America (where shrew species are considerably more diverse). The species is in imminent danger of extinction in the wild. (Some west coastal South American forms had even evolved into marine sloths.) Though they can resemble rodents, and were classified as a superfamily in that order until the early 20th century, they have since been considered a separate order. Caviomorphs, the first rodents to reach the continent, are believed to have washed ashore after rafting across the Atlantic from Africa over 30 million years ago. 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