It is a stocky, powerful bird, with short strong legs and a massive bill which can deliver a painful bite to the unwary. The pair successfully bred two chicks in 2018, both of which died from exposure after heavy rains in November 2018. European settlement in the nineteenth century almost wiped them out through hunting and introducing mammals such as deer which competed for food and predators (e.g.  In 2017 the population rose to 347-a 13 percent increase from the last year.  The takahē can often be seen plucking a snow grass (Danthonia flavescens) stalk, taking it into one claw, and eating only the soft lower parts, which appears to be its favourite food, while the rest is discarded. It is territorial and remains in the grassland until the arrival of snow, when it descends to the forest or scrub.  The takahē was considered extinct. "Official Takahē Recovery Programme Website", "Takahe – the bird that came back from the dead", "Takahē and the Takahē Recovery Programme Fact Sheet, 2018-2019", "Takahē population 100 breeding pairs strong", "Orokonui takahe chicks victims of flood", "Department of Conservation blames 'bad parenting' for deaths of takahe chicks", "First population of takahē outside of Fiordland released into wild", "Inbreeding Depression Accumulation across Life-History Stages of the Endangered Takahe", "Takahe shot in case of mistaken identity", "New Zealand hunters apologise over accidental shooting of takahē", "Takahē population crosses 300 milestone", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=South_Island_takahē&oldid=986925732, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 20:08. Species factsheet: Mills, J.A. In January 2011 two takahē were released in Zealandia, Wellington, and in mid-2015, two more takahē were released on Rotoroa Island in the Hauraki Gulf.  They held that climate changes were the main cause of the failure in takahē before European settlement. This improvement in its habitat has helped to increase takahē breeding success and survival. Yearly Change + 1.05% Fertility in the World. A takahē has been recorded feeding on a paradise duckling at Zealandia. Surplus eggs from wild nests are taken to the Burwood Breeding Centre. One bird was killed in 2009 and four more—equivalent to 5% of the total population—in 2015.. Although this behaviour was previously unknown, the related pukeko occasionally feeds on eggs and nestlings of other birds as well. This may lead to reduced population growth rates and increased rates of inbreeding over time, thereby posing problems regarding the maintenance of genetic diversity and thus takahē survival in the long term. Fifty years later, however, after a carefully planned search, takahē were dramatically rediscovered in 1948 by Geoffrey Orbell in an isolated valley in the South Island's Murchison Mountains. "It ran with great speed, and upon being captured uttered loud screams, and fought and struggled violently; it was kept alive three or four days on board the schooner and then killed, and the body roasted and ate by the crew, each partaking of the dainty, which was declared to be delicious. She described them as little black balls of fluff with legs and a grey beak. , In 2018, eighteen individuals were reintroduced for the first time in the Kahurangi National Park, 100 years after their local extinction. BirdLife International 2009. 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