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Shoreline plant communities provide shelter and food for a variety of wildlife species, absorb and decrease the erosive powers of waves, filter runoff from the land, and, when properly designed, decrease habitat for pesky geese. On lakes, waves can erode supporting soil at the bottom of the bluff. Identifying the OHWM is important because site conditions vary greatly above and below this mark. When shoreline erosion happens, major problems arise for property owners as well as the lake environment. They are big, absolutely beautiful plants that wildlife depends on across the country. It grows to be 2 to 6 feet high with flowers from June to August. We encourage you to have beneficial plants added around your lake or pond if they aren’t already present to help improve water quality, prevent erosion among other important benefits. Cotoneaster horizontalis (zones 5 to 7) is another choice from the shrub world that is among the best plants for erosion control. They should be a mix of flowers, grasses, sedges and even trees and shrubs. Shoreline vegetation also helps protect water quality. Some examples of readily available natives suited for this area include: Close-up of buttonbush’s fragrant, summer flowers and attractive shiny leaves. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. works best for waterways or inland lakes where continuous and resistive bank protection measures are needed. It is considered one of the best plants for many ecological reasons including: food for wildlife and oxygen for the pond. By Jeff Forester. The plant selection can also be tailored to meet the desires of the landowner but the priority should be providing the best root structure for long term success. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, '0a9a5f16-c1d9-4b96-8179-eb77ac033f5a', {}); hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(227988, 'c66666b5-b464-490d-a57a-f5087560d3b7', {}); Contact the experts at 888-480-LAKE (5253) for all of your lake, pond and fisheries management needs. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. The OHWM is also a regulatory point of reference and, according to the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, only native Michigan species may be planted below the OHWM. Their shallow spreading surface roots hold shoreline soil and reduce erosion. In addition, the introduction of beneficial aquatic plants will discourage the growth of undesirable plants and algae, provide food for fish, filter the water and wildlife, and help stabilize both the shoreline and lake bottom. Aquatic plants are used to enhance the beauty of lakes and ponds as well as provide habitat for other forms of aquatic life. A littoral plant can be defined as any aquatic plant along a lake shoreline. Shoreline vegetation provides food and cover for a variety of aquatic animals, so it is likely that frogs, fish, song birds, and wading birds will inhabit shorelines that have a diversity of native plants. For more information on a wide variety of Smart Gardening articles, or to find out about Smart Gardening classes and events, visit www.migarden.msu.edu. Arrowhead or Duck Potato (Sagittaria latifolia). Common Arrowhead The Common Arrowhead is an emergent plant, meaning it grows near the shoreline with the leaves out of the water. Boneset is used as a stimulant, febrifuge and laxative as well as other medicinal uses. Shoreline Landscaping for Lake Protection. Its beautiful flowers attract bees and butterflies, as well as dragonflies, which consume mosquito larvae. These plants can be expected to spread, but are not aggressive. For summer color and interest, Daylilies are hardy and durable for lakeshore settings. Sedimentation alters the ecosystem in lakes in ways like: removing or damaging plants that the fish need for food and spawning; bringing pollutants from the shore/soil into the water; and causing the water to … Prevent erosion of higher shoreline bluffs by: Retaining moisture-absorbing vegetation on the bluff. Natural shoreline landscapes are gaining popularity as people understand the important role shorelines play in protecting their lake and providing a diverse ecosystem. best feature Blue vervain’s high nectar content attracts butterflies and bees. A successful shoreline landscape hinges on matching plants needs to site conditions. A guide to the tried and true workhorse native plants for shoreline restoration and protection. Native Shoreline Plants •Part of a healthy lake system; benefit people and wildlife •Good for wildlife –provide food and cover for birds, amphibians, turtles, and insects. Page 31 of 51! For guidelines on designing a shoreline landscape, refer to Bindu Bhakta’s Michigan State University Extension article, “Implementing shoreline landscaping requires pre-planning.”. Michigan State University Extension’s horticulture educators will present Smart Gardening in a variety of ways at three public shows in Michigan during 2014. The following are some specific recommendations to help you create a beautiful and functional shoreline. On June 19, 2012 it began to rain in northern Minnesota. These plants are best adapted for providing the root structure needed to stabilize a shoreline and are also adapted to the site and climatic conditions in their natural habitats. Canada Anemone(Anemone canadensis) Canada anemone (sometimes called Canadian anemone) is an herbaceous perennial of the buttercup family and is native to moist meadows, stream banks and lake shores in North America. This clumping plant has several violet-blue flowers with yellow-based sepals that emerge on sturdy stalks among tall sword-like leaves. You will also benefit from proper buffer management by attracting insects, like dragonflies, that feed on mosquito larvae, thus helping to control mosquito populations in and around your pond. Native plants evolved in Wisconsin and therefore are more likely to survive the extreme weather conditions in Wisconsin. All Rights Reserved. Upland. It grows in wet sites or shallow water along lake and stream margins, marshes and swamps. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). This low growing perennial plant is ideal when low borders or water views are the goal. These runners form roots at their nodes. Establishing buffer zones takes minimal effort and requires little maintenance. The plants growing in the water are typically a variety of rushes and bulrushes (which look similar to the reeds you can see growing in wetlands) and perennial flowers. The Plant Guide contains the following sections: Native Plant Communities - You will discover the role, importance, and characteristics of some of Minnesota's native plant communities. The ordinary high water mark (OHWM) on your shoreline is the reference point for determining site conditions plants will be exposed to. Trees and shrubs that tolerate consistently moist soil, seasonal flooding and exposure to energy from waves and ice grow well in the area between the water level and ordinary high water mark. SOLitude’s team of aquatic resource management professionals specializes in the development and execution of customized lake, stormwater pond, wetland and fisheries management programs that include water quality testing and restoration, nutrient remediation, algae and aquatic weed control, installation and maintenance of fountains and aeration systems, bathymetry, shoreline erosion restoration, mechanical harvesting and hydro-raking, lake vegetation studies, biological assessments, habitat evaluations, and invasive species management. As well as the lake environment Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by 18! Plant, meaning it grows in swamps, marshes, and on wet shores and are often in. 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